Female ejaculation is characterized as an expulsion of fluid from or near the vagina during or before an orgasm. It is also known colloquially as squirting or gushing Female orgasm jpg these are considered to be different phenomena in some research publications.
To date, there have been no conclusive Female orgasm jpg major studies relating to female ejaculation. Much of the problem in arriving at a consensus relates to a failure to adopt generally agreed-on definitions or research methodology.
Research has used highly selected individuals, case studies, or very small numbers of subjects, making generalization difficult. Most of the research into the nature of the fluid focuses on determining whether it is or contains urine. Some believe the fluid is secreted by the paraurethral ducts through and around the human female urethrabut the exact source and nature of the fluid remain controversial among medical professionals, which is also related to doubts over Female orgasm jpg existence of the G-spot.
The suggestion that women can expel fluid from their genital area as part of sexual arousal has been described by women's health Female orgasm jpg Rebecca Chalker as "one of the most hotly debated questions in modern sexology ". The reasons for the interest in female ejaculation has been questioned by feminist writers.
In the 16th century, the Dutch physician Laevinius Lemniusreferred to how a woman "draws forth the man's seed and casts her own with it". In the 17th century, the Dutch anatomist Reinier de Graaf wrote an influential treatise on the reproductive organs Concerning the Generative Organs of Women which is much cited in the literature on this topic. De Graaf discussed the original controversy but supported the Aristotelian view.
In the lower part, near the outlet of the urinary passage, this membrane is pierced by large ducts, or lacunae, through which pituito-serous matter occasionally discharges in considerable quantities.
Between this very thin membrane and the fleshy fibres we have Female orgasm jpg described there is, along the whole duct of the urethra, a whitish membranous substance about one finger-breadth thick which completely surrounds the urethral canal The substance could be called quite aptly the female 'prostatae' or 'corpus glandulosum', 'glandulous Female orgasm jpg The function of the 'prostatae' is to generate a pituito-serous juice which makes women more libidinous with its pungency and saltiness and lubricates their sexual parts in agreeable fashion during coitus.
Krafft-Ebing's study of sexual perversion, Psychopathia Sexualisdescribes female ejaculation under the heading "Congenital Sexual Inversion in Women" as a perversion related to neurasthenia and homosexuality. It is also described by Freud in pathological terms in his study of Dorawhere he relates it to Female orgasm jpg.
The pride taken by women in the appearance of their genitals is quite a special feature of their vanity; and disorders of genitals which they think calculated to inspire feelings of repugnance or even disgust have an incredible power of humiliating them, of lowering their self-esteem, and of making them irritable, sensitive, and distrustful. An abnormal secretion of the mucous membrane of the vagina is looked upon as source of disgust.
However, women's writing of that time portrayed this Female orgasm jpg more positive terms. Thus we find Almeda Sperry writing to Emma Goldman inabout the "rhythmic spurt of your love juices".
Female ejaculation is mentioned as normal in early 20th century 'marriage manuals', such as TH Van de Velde 's Ideal Marriage: Its Physiology and Technique Certainly van de Velde was well aware of the varied experiences of women. It appears that the majority of laymen believe that something is forcibly squirted or propelled or extrudedor expelled Female orgasm jpg the woman's body in orgasm, and should so happen normally, as in the man's case.
Finally it is just as certain that such an 'ejaculation' does not take place in many women of sexually normal functions, as that it does Female orgasm jpg place in others. Yet the subject was largely ignored for most of the early part of the century.
InHuffman, an American gynaecologist, published his studies of the prostatic tissue in women together with a historical account and detailed drawings. These clearly showed the difference between the original glands identified Female orgasm jpg Skene at the urinary meatus, and the more proximal collections of glandular tissue emptying directly into the urethra.
The urethra might well be compared to a tree about which and growing outward from its base are numerous stunted branches, the paraurethral ducts and glands.
To Female orgasm jpg, most of the interest had focused on the substance and structure rather than function of the glands. An erotic zone always could be demonstrated on the anterior wall Female orgasm jpg the vagina along the course of the urethra In the course of sexual stimulationthe female urethra begins to enlarge and can be felt easily.
It swells out greatly at the end of orgasm Occasionally the production of fluids is If there is the opportunity to observe the orgasm of such women, one can see that large quantities of a clear transparent fluid are expelled not from the vulva, but out of the urethra in gushes.
At first I thought that the bladder sphincter had become defective by the intensity of the orgasm. Involuntary expulsion of urine is reported in sex literature. In the cases observed by us, the fluid was examined and it had no urinary character.
I am inclined to believe that "urine" reported to be expelled during female orgasm is not urine, but only secretions of the intraurethral glands correlated with the erotogenic zone along the urethra in the anterior vaginal wall. Moreover the profuse secretions coming out with the orgasm have no lubricating significance, otherwise they would be produced at the beginning of intercourse and not at the peak of orgasm. However this paper made little impact, and was dismissed in the major sexological writings of that time, such as Kinsey  and Masters and Johnson equating this "erroneous belief" with urinary stress incontinence.
Although clearly Kinsey was familiar with the phenomenon, commenting that p. Muscular contractions of the vagina following orgasm may squeeze out some of the genital secretions, and in a few cases eject them with some force. Most women do not ejaculate during orgasm The topic did not receive serious attention again until a review by Josephine Lowndes Sevely and JW Bennett appeared in Whipple became aware of the phenomenon when studying urinary incontinence, with which it is often confused.
Nevertheless, the theory advanced by these authors was immediately dismissed by many other authors, such as physiologist Joseph Bohlen, Female orgasm jpg for not being based on rigorous scientific procedures, and psychiatrist Helen Singer Kaplan stated: Female ejaculation as distinct from female urination during orgasm has never been scientifically substantiated and is highly questionable, to say the least.
Some radical feminist writers, such as Female orgasm jpg Jeffreys were also dismissive, claiming it as a figment of male fantasy: There are examples in the sexological literature Female orgasm jpg men's sexual fantasies about lesbian sexuality. Krafft-Ebing invented a form of ejaculation for women. It required the detailed anatomical work of Helen O'Connell  from onwards to more properly elucidate the relationships between the different anatomical structures involved.
As she observes, the female perineal urethra is embedded in the anterior vaginal wall and is surrounded by erectile tissue in all directions except posteriorly where it relates to the vaginal wall. These parts have a shared vasculature and nerve supply and during sexual stimulation respond as a unit". Female ejaculation Female orgasm jpg in 20th-century anthropological works, such as Malinowski 's Melanesian Female orgasm jpg, The Sexual Life of Savagesand Gladwin and Sarason's "Truk: Man in Paradise" Malinowski states that in the language of the Trobriand Island people, a single word is used to describe ejaculation in both male and female.
Both the male and female discharge are called by the same name momona or momolaand they ascribe to both the same origin in the kidneys, and the same function, which has nothing to do with generation, but is concerned with lubricating the membrane and increasing pleasure.